Where we come from
The Pontifical Council for Culture traces its origins to the Second Vatican Council and its opening up to that great, dynamic, worried and multiform world of contemporary culture. In its Pastoral Constitution Gaudium et spes, the Council Fathers expressed the need for the Church to continually place itself before the needs of the cultures of the world. It was a new period of history where a new humanism was arising, and the Church, faithful to its own traditions, was aware of the universality of its mission, entering into communion with the different forms of culture, a communion that would enrich the Church as much as the cultures (cf. nn. 54-58).
Pope Paul VI on 9 April 1965 created the “Secretariat for Non-believers” (which in 1988 became the Pontifical Council for Dialogue with Non-believers), as a focal point for the dialogue with people of goodwill who profess no specific religion. Then John Paul II founded the Pontifical Council of Culture on 20 May 1982 with the aim of establishing dialogue between the Church and the cultures of our time, so that they could open themselves up to the Christian faith, which is a creator of culture as well as a source of science, letters and the arts. On 25 March 1993 John Paul II with the Motu Proprio Inde a Pontificatus united the Pontifical Council for Culture to the Pontifical Council for Dialogue with Non-believers to establish a single organism. Finally, on 30 July 2012 Pope Benedict XVI with the Motu Proprio Pulchritudinis Fidei united to the Council the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Goods of the Church. All of this is represented by the name Pontifical Council for Culture.
Who we are and what we do
By browsing through these web pages you can obtain fuller information, but in brief, there is a Secretariat based in Rome, led by the President who oversees the daily work of a small permanent team.
Meanwhile, Members of the Council, cardinals, bishops and leading cultural figures attend the Plenary, represent the Dicastery on important occasions and oversee other activies, being appointed by the Holy Father for five-year terms.
The Council also relies on Consultors for the study of particularly important questions. These, too, are appointed by the Holy Father for five-year terms and they come from all over the world, specialists in the field of culture or in dialogue with non-believers. They assist the Council by their research and the information and opinions they provide.
The Council's Plenary Assembly occurs at least once every three years. Its purpose is to pool experiences and reflections on the variety of cultural situations in contemporary societies.
The Council’s other many and varied activities can be condensed into 5 points:
1. Welcoming visitors. There are meetings with bishops who come to Rome for their five-yearly Ad limina visits, and with other groups of visitors (priests, religious, directors of cultural centres and so on). Many people representing the world of culture also visit the Council.
2. Conferences. The Council organises seminars, study days and various other kinds of meetings. It is frequently involved in meetings run by other bodies at regional, national and international levels.
3. Contacts. The Council is in contact with the other departments (Dicasteries) of the Holy See, with bishops’ conferences and local Churches, with the Ambassadors accredited to the Holy See, with the Holy See’s diplomatic representatives to other states, with UNESCO and other international non-government organisations.
4. Publications. The Council publishes the journal Culture e Fede (Cultures and Faith), which has articles and new items in English, French, Italian and Spanish. There is, in addition, a newsletter and books and booklets on the many aspects of the encounter between the Gospel and cultures, and on intercultural dialogue. The Council publishes the proceedings of the more important conferences it organises and maintains a presence on the internet and in the press to keep the focus on its mission.
5. Day-to-day work consists of the various types of tasks entrusted to the staff: taking care of correspondence with the universal Church and the world of culture, preparing observations on reports concerning the state of dioceses, preparing instructions for Papal Nuncios, etc.